Jasper National Park is located in the province of Alberta (Canada). With 4,200 sq mi (10,878 sq km) it is the largest national park from the Canadian Rockies. The park is popular with tourists from all over the world, been known for glaciers, lakes, hot springs, mountains, waterfalls and the Columbia Icefield.
How it Got Here
People lived in what is today Jasper National Park starting with 9,000 years ago. The Iroquois and Sarcee are two known groups of Natives to have lived in the area. Industrialization of the area began with the expedition conducted by David Thompson in 1811, who later established the trading depot North West Company. Fur trading stimulated the development of a community in the area, which was faster boosted by the arrival of the Canadian Northern Railway and Grand Trunk Pacific Railway. The community that emerged as a result of these developments eventually became known as the Town of Jasper. As with other national parks, the area was initially referred to as a forest park and was later upgraded to a national park, in 1930.
Jasper National Park has a chill and unpredictable weather. The warmest month is July, with an average temperature of 72.5 °F (22.5 °C). January is the coldest (coolest?) month, with an average temperature of only 15.1 °F (-9.4 °C). June is the month when most precipitations are registered-the annual average for this month is 2.4 inches (62 mm). The area has plenty a snow, with the annual average been around 160 in (400 cm).
Wild Wild Life
If you visit the Jasper National Park, you may encounter any of these mammals: black bear, caribou, mule beaver, deer, grizzly bear, mountain goat, lynx, pika, white-tailed deer, timber wolf, and wolverine. As you already know, it is best not to encounter some of these species.
The area also includes many types of birds that are common in the Rockies, such as the bald eagle, golden eagle, evening grosbeaks, red-necked grebes, and white-tailed ptarmigans.
One of the most accessible locations from Jasper National Park is the Icefields Parkway. This 140 miles (230 km) highway offers quite impressing views and it provides access to the waterfalls of Athabasca and Sunwapta Falls, as well as to Lake Louise. It should be noted that the Icefields Parkway has been rated as one of the best drives in the world by Condé Nast Traveller, having made a good impression with its icefields and sweeping valleys.
Important places in the park include the Maligne Lake, Medicine Lake, Mount Edith Cavell, Pyramid Mountain, and Tonquin Valley. Maligne Lake is about 14 miles (22.5 km) long and 318 ft (97 m) deep. From the lake you can observe three glaciers, a few peaks, and the Spirit Island (for some reason everyone wants to take a picture of this tied island). The Maligne Lake is also famous for its azure colors.
Mount Edith Cavell reaches an elevation of 11,033 ft (3,363 m) and is among the most popular peaks from Jasper National Park. The Angel Glacier flows down the north face of the peak. If you decide to go to Mount Edit Cavell, the coolest thing to do is to explore the Path of the Glacier and reach the Angel Glacier. This glacier is also melting and you should visit it as soon as possible.
The Pyramid Mountain has been named this way because it kinda looks like a pyramid. It has an elevation of 9,075 ft (2,766 m) and offers access to the Athabasca River.
The Tonquin Valley includes several lakes and barren peaks. It also offers a great view of Amethyst Lake. You should keep in mind that the area is quite muddy and has plenty of mosquitoes. If the later is a major inconvenience for you, perhaps it’s best to focus on other places of the park.
Hiking & Camping in Jasper National Park
See Jasper National Park and surroundings in 3D with FatMap. Find hiking trails and plan your next trekking day.
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