If you are going on a trekking adventure, it is arguably a shame not to take a camera that can capture scenic views. While it is true that virtually all high-end cameras tend to do a very good job in nature/landscape photography, there are specific criteria you should consider when choosing a backpacking camera.
A summary of the main features of each type of digital camera will hopefully help you choose the best camera for travel photography considering your specific needs, experience, and budget.
Virtually everyone has a smartphone, and perhaps many wonder whether they can skip buying a camera and take travel pictures only with their phone. While many smartphone cameras are good enough for many occasions, I do not recommend using them for landscape photos. When it comes to scenic views, smartphone cameras have two important limitations:
– They do not have optical lenses (!). This is probably the most important limitation that any trekker should consider before making nature and landscape photos with a smartphone. It is true that optical zoom is now available in some smartphones; however, other types of cameras will offer significantly more zoom than any smartphone currently available on the market.
– The sensor of a smartphone is still far away from what a good camera can offer. This limitation explains the poor performance that smartphones tend to have in low light.
In other words, while I am sure a smartphone can help you a lot while traveling, I don’t recommend using it for landscape photography.
DSLRs are considered by many to be the first choice for professional photographers. A high-end DSLR camera will offer you sharp images of very high resolution. The strength of DSLRs is given by several features, including large sensors and a large variety of lens choices, among others. A good photo taken with a high-end DSLR camera has all the chances of being published in a top magazine such as National Geographic Magazine. If you are into that, perhaps you should give it a try.
The weight of a travel camera is arguably the most important thing besides quality that you should consider for any trekking experience. This consideration arguably makes DSLRs the least desirable cameras when traveling, especially when hiking. This type of camera also requires lenses – which adds additional weight to your overall backpack.
When it comes to DSLRs, there are two options you can consider: full-frame/35 mm DSLRs and crop sensor/APS-C DSLRs. Full-frame cameras offer a larger sensor that normally provides better image quality and more performance in low-light conditions. Not surprisingly, a full-frame DSLR is also more expensive compared to one with a smaller crop sensor.
Main advantages of DSLR cameras:
– Large sensors
– A large variety of lens choices
– Optical viewfinder
– Professional customization
Main disadvantages of DSLR cameras:
– Heavier than other cameras
– More expensive
– Less user-friendly
Mirrorless cameras are arguably one of the main reasons a professional photographer may not go trekking with a DSLR. While mirrorless cameras offer fewer options in terms of lenses compared to DSLRs, many models offer resolutions that are comparable to or even surpass DSLR cameras. This means a high-end mirrorless camera may offer nature and landscape photos that are in no way worse than those provided by a high-end DSLR camera. Of course, some high-end DSLR models will be better than some high-end mirrorless cameras and vice versa.
Those considering using a mirrorless camera when backpacking should take into consideration that, just as in the case of DSLR cameras, they can purchase a more expensive and advanced full-frame mirrorless camera or a less expensive and less advanced crop camera. Unlikely DSLRs, however, full-frame mirrorless cameras are not very common. If undecided between a DSLR and a mirrorless camera, I recommend taking into consideration that mirrorless cameras are lighter.
Main advantages of mirrorless cameras:
– High image resolution
– Fast shutter speeds
– Electronic viewfinder
– Less heavy compared to DSLR cameras
– Faster and better video performance compared to DSLRs
– Electronic viewfinder.
Main disadvantages of mirrorless cameras:
– Fewer lenses and other accessories compared to DSLRs
– Few models with full-frame sensors
Compact Digital Cameras
Compact digital cameras are among the most user-friendly cameras on the market and are liked by many non-professionals. The process of taking a picture with this type of camera is quite straightforward: you point the camera at something and click the shutter. The camera also adjusts the settings automatically, which can be seen as an advantage for those who do not know how to adjust a camera and as a disadvantage for those who want more customization.
Main advantages of compact digital cameras:
– No need for extra lenses
Main disadvantages of compact digital cameras:
– Limited customization (which is an advantage for some but not for others)
– Limited aperture and zoom range
– Lower resolution.
Considering all the information mentioned above, I would say that you should consider taking a compact digital camera for trekking if you have difficulties handling heavier cameras and/or you are looking for a camera that is very easy to use and can take decent but not great photos.
If you are going on a trekking adventure, taking an action camera can make a lot of sense in some circumstances. Action cameras are known to be small and have several accessories that make them appropriate for “action.” They are also not bad in terms of resolution.
Action cameras tend to include features such as waterproof housing and can be attached to helmets or drones (among others), allowing photographic possibilities that are hard to access with other types of cameras. While action cameras may not take pictures that are as great as those made by the best DSLR and mirrorless cameras in normal conditions, you can still make good use of them when located on the top of a mountain if you want to take pictures from angles that are otherwise inaccessible.
Main advantages of action cameras:
– Mountable on many types of surfaces
– Remote view and shutter via another device (e.g., smartphone)
Main disadvantages of action cameras:
– Poor digital zoom
– Less customizable
– Fixed focus.
These are the only type of cameras that allow you to take full-circle pictures and videos. 360-degree cameras can make impressing panoramic views that may provide an increased sense of realism. Maybe you can also use them to contribute to Google Street View.
If you are considering taking a 360-degree camera when traveling, it is worth knowing that, while it is a very good option for panoramic shots, this type of camera can only be used for digital viewing. On the other hand, 360-degree cameras, just as action cameras, can be mounted on many types of surfaces and can provide panoramic views that are otherwise difficult to capture with other devices. Personally, I would bring a 360-degree camera on a trekking day along with another type of camera, most likely a mirrorless or DSLR camera.
The main advantages of the 360-degree cameras:
– Allow live view and streaming
– Mountable on many types of surfaces
Main disadvantages of 360-degree cameras
– Modest resolution
– Fixed focus
– Limited digital zoom
– Digital viewing only.
Picking the best travel camera can be a difficult task, especially if you care a lot about the quality of the photos. For best quality, DSLR and mirrorless cameras are the first choices. For user-friendliness and price, compact digital cameras are highly recommended. For panoramic views captured from unusual angles, it is best (or necessary) to use action cameras and/or 360-degree cameras.